There is no doubt that cancer is one of the most complex diseases that affect millions of people around the world. As a result of abnormal growth of cells in the body, there can be benign or malignant tumors formed in the body, which result in abnormal growth of cells. The immune system plays a crucial role in both the development and treatment of cancer, which is a fascinating aspect of cancer.
The Role of the Immune System in Cancer Development
A healthy immune system defends the body against foreign invaders, such as bacteria and viruses. In contrast, the immune system often fails to recognize and attack cancer cells. Cancer cells can mutate and change their appearance, making them appear normal. It is also possible for cancer cells to produce signals that suppress the immune system, preventing it from recognizing and attacking them.
Therefore, cancer cells can grow and spread unchecked, resulting in cancer. Cancer cells may sometimes be encouraged to grow and spread by the immune system by providing them with a supportive environment.
The Role of the Immune System in Cancer Treatment
Our immune system, which tries to eradicate cancer, has been interrupted by some cancers.
Cancer development depends on the immune system, but cancer treatment also depends on it. Several ways can be used to harness the immune system to fight cancer, including:
- Immune checkpoint inhibitors: Medications that suppress the immune system by targeting proteins on immune cells. Immune checkpoint inhibitors restore the immune system’s ability to recognize and attack cancer cells by blocking these proteins.
- Cancer vaccines: These vaccines stimulate the immune system to recognize and attack specific cancer cells. By boosting the immune system’s ability to fight cancer, cancer vaccines can prevent cancer or treat existing cancer.
- CAR-T cell therapy: This is a cutting-edge treatment in which T cells are removed from a patient’s blood, genetically altered, and then infused back into the patient’s body to fight cancer cells. When combined with other treatments, CAR-T cell therapy can be highly effective in treating certain types of cancer.
The interplay between cancer and the immune system is complex and multifaceted. Although the immune system can sometimes contribute to the development of cancer, it also plays a crucial role in its treatment. It is important to better understand the relationship between cancer and the immune system in order to continue developing innovative and new treatments that will help cancer patients improve their prognoses.